Невозможно заставить AWUS036H работать в Ubuntu 12.10

Я использую 64-разрядный Ubuntu 12.10. Это моя версия ядра:

Linux 3.5.0-19-generic # 30-Ubuntu SMP Вт Ноя 13 17:48:01 UTC 2012 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU / Linux

Моя беспроводная карта – AWUSU36H

введите описание изображения здесь

Первое, что я делаю, чтобы установить драйвер, – это скопировать драйвер с компакт-диска в папку «Загрузки».

cd /media/me/AWUS036H/Drivers/RTL8187L/Unix (Linux)/Linux driver for kernel 2.6.X$ cp rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007.tar.gz ~/Downloads/ 

Затем я извлекаю смолу

 tar xvfz rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007.tar.gz 

Я перемещаюсь в извлеченную папку, и я стараюсь следовать инструкциям в файле Readme.txt

 cd rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007 

Это содержимое папки:

 drv.tar.gz makedrv stack.tar.gz wlan0rmv ieee80211 ReadMe.txt wlan0dhcp wlan0up ifcfg-wlan0 rtl8187 wlan0down wpa_supplicant-0.4.9 

Это то, что говорит Readme.txt:

 Release Date: 2006-02-09, ver 1.2^M RTL8187 Linux driver version 1.2^M ^M --This driver supports RealTek RTL8187 Wireless LAN driver for ^M Fedora Core 2/3/4/5, Debian 3.1, Mandrake 10.2/Mandriva 2006, ^M SUSE 9.3/10.1/10.2, Gentoo 3.1, etc.^M - Support Client mode for either infrastructure or adhoc mode^M - Support WEP and WPAPSK connection^M ^M < Component >^M The driver is composed of several parts:^M 1. Module source code^M stack.tar.gz^M drv.tar.gz^M ^M 2. Script ot build the modules^M makedrv^M ^M 3. Script to load/unload modules^M wlan0up^M wlan0down ^M ^M 4. Script and configuration for DHCP^M "ReadMe.txt" [readonly] 140 lines, 4590 characters 

Поэтому я знаю, что извлекает оба сжатых файла:

 sudo tar xvfz drv.tar.gz sudo tar xvfz stack.tar.gz 

Эти 2 команды добавят некоторые данные в папки ieee80211 и rtl8187

На данный момент я теряюсь, и я не знаю, что делать. Если я поеду в каждую из этих двух папок, и я запустил команду sudo make, я получаю такие ошибки, как этот:

  sudo makemake -C /lib/modules/3.5.0-19-generic/build M=/home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187 modules make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/src/linux-headers-3.5.0-19-generic' CC [M] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187/r8187_core.o In file included from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187/r8187_core.c:64:0: /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187/r8187.h:29:26: fatal error: linux/config.h: No such file or directory compilation terminated. make[2]: *** [/home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187/r8187_core.o] Error 1 make[1]: *** [_module_/home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187] Error 2 make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-headers-3.5.0-19-generic' make: *** [modules] Error 2 

Если я попытаюсь запустить любой скрипт ./makedrv , описанный в инструкциях, тогда я также получаю сообщение об ошибке:

  ~/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007$ sudo ./makedrv [sudo] password for me: ieee80211/ ieee80211/license ieee80211/ieee80211_crypt.c ieee80211/ieee80211_tx.c ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac_wx.c ieee80211/ieee80211_module.c ieee80211/ieee80211_crypt_ccmp.c ieee80211/ieee80211_rx.c ieee80211/tags ieee80211/ieee80211_crypt_tkip.c ieee80211/Makefile ieee80211/readme ieee80211/.tmp_versions/ ieee80211/.tmp_versions/ieee80211-rtl.mod ieee80211/.tmp_versions/ieee80211_crypt_wep-rtl.mod ieee80211/.tmp_versions/ieee80211_crypt_tkip-rtl.mod ieee80211/.tmp_versions/ieee80211_crypt-rtl.mod ieee80211/.tmp_versions/ieee80211_crypt_ccmp-rtl.mod ieee80211/ieee80211_crypt_wep.c ieee80211/ieee80211.h ieee80211/ieee80211_wx.c ieee80211/ieee80211_crypt.h rtl8187/ rtl8187/license rtl8187/r8180_rtl8225z2.c rtl8187/r8180_rtl8225.h rtl8187/r8187_led.c rtl8187/r8180_93cx6.h rtl8187/r8180_wx.h rtl8187/r8180_hw.h rtl8187/copying rtl8187/r8187_led.h rtl8187/r8180_pm.h rtl8187/tags rtl8187/r8187.h rtl8187/Makefile rtl8187/r8180_rtl8225.c rtl8187/readme rtl8187/install rtl8187/.tmp_versions/ rtl8187/.tmp_versions/r8187.mod rtl8187/changes rtl8187/r8180_wx.c rtl8187/r8180_pm.c rtl8187/r8187_core.c rtl8187/r8180_93cx6.c rtl8187/authors rtl8187/ieee80211.h rtl8187/ieee80211_crypt.h rm -f *.mod.c *.mod *.o .*.cmd *.ko *~ rm -rf /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/tmp make -C /lib/modules/3.5.0-19-generic/build M=/home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211 modules make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/src/linux-headers-3.5.0-19-generic' CC [M] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.o In file included from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:17:0: /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211.h:1019:24: error: field 'ps_task' has incomplete type /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c: In function 'ieee80211_softmac_scan_wq': /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:421:2: warning: passing argument 2 of 'queue_delayed_work' from incompatible pointer type [enabled by default] In file included from include/linux/srcu.h:32:0, from include/linux/notifier.h:15, from /usr/src/linux-headers-3.5.0-19-generic/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h:26, from include/linux/uprobes.h:35, from include/linux/mm_types.h:15, from include/linux/kmemcheck.h:4, from include/linux/skbuff.h:18, from include/linux/if_ether.h:134, from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211.h:26, from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:17: include/linux/workqueue.h:371:12: note: expected 'struct delayed_work *' but argument is of type 'struct work_struct *' /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c: In function 'ieee80211_softmac_stop_scan': /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:495:3: warning: passing argument 1 of 'cancel_delayed_work' from incompatible pointer type [enabled by default] In file included from include/linux/srcu.h:32:0, from include/linux/notifier.h:15, from /usr/src/linux-headers-3.5.0-19-generic/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h:26, from include/linux/uprobes.h:35, from include/linux/mm_types.h:15, from include/linux/kmemcheck.h:4, from include/linux/skbuff.h:18, from include/linux/if_ether.h:134, from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211.h:26, from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:17: include/linux/workqueue.h:410:20: note: expected 'struct delayed_work *' but argument is of type 'struct work_struct *' /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c: In function 'ieee80211_associate_abort': /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:915:2: warning: passing argument 2 of 'queue_delayed_work' from incompatible pointer type [enabled by default] In file included from include/linux/srcu.h:32:0, from include/linux/notifier.h:15, from /usr/src/linux-headers-3.5.0-19-generic/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h:26, from include/linux/uprobes.h:35, from include/linux/mm_types.h:15, from include/linux/kmemcheck.h:4, from include/linux/skbuff.h:18, from include/linux/if_ether.h:134, from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211.h:26, from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:17: include/linux/workqueue.h:371:12: note: expected 'struct delayed_work *' but argument is of type 'struct work_struct *' /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c: In function 'ieee80211_rx_frame_softmac': /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:1527:3: error: implicit declaration of function 'tasklet_schedule' [-Werror=implicit-function-declaration] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c: In function 'ieee80211_stop_protocol_rtl': /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2120:2: warning: passing argument 1 of 'cancel_delayed_work' from incompatible pointer type [enabled by default] In file included from include/linux/srcu.h:32:0, from include/linux/notifier.h:15, from /usr/src/linux-headers-3.5.0-19-generic/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h:26, from include/linux/uprobes.h:35, from include/linux/mm_types.h:15, from include/linux/kmemcheck.h:4, from include/linux/skbuff.h:18, from include/linux/if_ether.h:134, from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211.h:26, from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:17: include/linux/workqueue.h:410:20: note: expected 'struct delayed_work *' but argument is of type 'struct work_struct *' /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c: In function 'ieee80211_softmac_init': /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2229:78: error: macro "INIT_WORK" passed 3 arguments, but takes just 2 /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2229:2: error: 'INIT_WORK' undeclared (first use in this function) /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2229:2: note: each undeclared identifier is reported only once for each function it appears in /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2230:88: error: macro "INIT_WORK" passed 3 arguments, but takes just 2 /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2231:94: error: macro "INIT_WORK" passed 3 arguments, but takes just 2 /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2232:96: error: macro "INIT_WORK" passed 3 arguments, but takes just 2 /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2233:82: error: macro "INIT_WORK" passed 3 arguments, but takes just 2 /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2234:82: error: macro "INIT_WORK" passed 3 arguments, but takes just 2 /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2244:2: error: implicit declaration of function 'tasklet_init' [-Werror=implicit-function-declaration] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c: In function 'ieee80211_softmac_free': /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2255:2: warning: passing argument 1 of 'cancel_delayed_work' from incompatible pointer type [enabled by default] In file included from include/linux/srcu.h:32:0, from include/linux/notifier.h:15, from /usr/src/linux-headers-3.5.0-19-generic/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h:26, from include/linux/uprobes.h:35, from include/linux/mm_types.h:15, from include/linux/kmemcheck.h:4, from include/linux/skbuff.h:18, from include/linux/if_ether.h:134, from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211.h:26, from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:17: include/linux/workqueue.h:410:20: note: expected 'struct delayed_work *' but argument is of type 'struct work_struct *' /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c: In function 'ieee80211_wpa_set_encryption': /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2489:3: error: implicit declaration of function 'request_module' [-Werror=implicit-function-declaration] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2518:3: error: implicit declaration of function 'try_module_get' [-Werror=implicit-function-declaration] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c: At top level: /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2663:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2663:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2663:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2664:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2664:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2664:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2665:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2665:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2665:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2666:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2666:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2666:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2667:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2667:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2667:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2668:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2668:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2668:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2669:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2669:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2669:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2670:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2670:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2670:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2671:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2671:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2671:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2672:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2672:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2672:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2673:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2673:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2673:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2674:1: warning: data definition has no type or storage class [enabled by default] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2674:1: warning: type defaults to 'int' in declaration of 'EXPORT_SYMBOL' [-Wimplicit-int] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:2674:1: warning: parameter names (without types) in function declaration [enabled by default] In file included from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.c:17:0: /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211.h:1212:37: warning: 'netdev_priv' is static but used in inline function 'ieee80211_priv' which is not static [enabled by default] cc1: some warnings being treated as errors make[2]: *** [/home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211/ieee80211_softmac.o] Error 1 make[1]: *** [_module_/home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/ieee80211] Error 2 make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-headers-3.5.0-19-generic' make: *** [modules] Error 2 rm -f *.mod.c *.mod *.o .*.cmd *.ko *~ rm -rf /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187/tmp make -C /lib/modules/3.5.0-19-generic/build M=/home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187 modules make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/src/linux-headers-3.5.0-19-generic' CC [M] /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187/r8187_core.o In file included from /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187/r8187_core.c:64:0: /home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187/r8187.h:29:26: fatal error: linux/config.h: No such file or directory compilation terminated. make[2]: *** [/home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187/r8187_core.o] Error 1 make[1]: *** [_module_/home/me/Downloads/rtl8187_linux_26.1025.0328.2007/rtl8187] Error 2 make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-headers-3.5.0-19-generic' make: *** [modules] Error 2 

Может ли кто-нибудь дать мне понять, что мне нужно сделать, чтобы моя карта Wi-Fi работала?

Обновить

Это вывод команды lsusb

  Bus 002 Device 002: ID 0bda:8187 Realtek Semiconductor Corp. RTL8187 Wireless Adapter Bus 003 Device 002: ID 147e:1000 Upek Biometric Touchchip/Touchstrip Fingerprint Sensor Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub 

Похоже, адаптер признан. Также я заметил, что если я использую команду ifconfig, я вижу следующее:

 wlan0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx inet addr:192.168.1.19 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 inet6 addr: xxx::xxx:xxx:xxxx:xxxx/64 Scope:Link UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:25091 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:12342 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:15630234 (15.6 MB) TX bytes:3054709 (3.0 MB) wlan1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx UP BROADCAST MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:0 (0.0 B) TX bytes:0 (0.0 B) 

Похоже, компьютер видит карту, но только если я включу кнопку в ноутбуке, которая включает внутреннюю сетевую карту. Если он есть, то wlan1 (который является моим AWUSU36H) не отображается. Если кнопка установлена, компьютер не обнаруживает эту карту.

Все еще не знаю, как заставить карточку работать. Я хочу, чтобы AWUSU36H работал, но не был интегрированным.

Это выход команды sudo lshw -C network :

  *-network description: Wireless interface product: RT2790 Wireless 802.11n 1T/2R PCIe vendor: Ralink corp. physical id: 0 bus info: pci@0000:06:00.0 logical name: wlan0 version: 00 serial: xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi pciexpress bus_master cap_list ethernet physical wireless configuration: broadcast=yes driver=rt2800pci driverversion=3.5.0-19-generic firmware=0.34 ip=192.168.1.19 latency=0 link=yes multicast=yes wireless=IEEE 802.11bgn resources: irq:17 memory:fe9f0000-fe9fffff *-network description: Ethernet interface product: RTL8111/8168B PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet controller vendor: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. physical id: 0 bus info: pci@0000:08:00.0 logical name: eth0 version: 02 serial: 00:21:85:dc:36:27 size: 10Mbit/s capacity: 1Gbit/s width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi pciexpress msix vpd bus_master cap_list rom ethernet physical tp mii 10bt 10bt-fd 100bt 100bt-fd 1000bt 1000bt-fd autonegotiation configuration: autonegotiation=on broadcast=yes driver=r8169 driverversion=2.3LK-NAPI duplex=half latency=0 link=no multicast=yes port=MII speed=10Mbit/s resources: irq:41 ioport:e800(size=256) memory:febff000-febfffff memory:f7ff0000-f7ffffff memory:febc0000-febdffff 

    Если вам нужно использовать USB вместо внутреннего устройства, я предлагаю вам черный список драйвера для внутреннего устройства. Это позволит вам включить и использовать USB. Он имеет рабочий драйвер, rtl8187 и создал интерфейс wlan1.

    Выясните драйвер для внутреннего с помощью:

     sudo lshw -C network 

    Найдите часть, которая ссылается на «driver =», связанный с wlan0, внутренним. Затем черный список:

     sudo su echo "blacklist <some_driver>" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf exit 

    Подключите USB-устройство, перезагрузитесь и он должен работать. Если вы сомневаетесь в правильном драйвере в черный список, опубликуйте свои выводы, и мы поможем.